With more than 6. Mitgliederzahlen [Religions and philosophical communities in Germany: So far every chancellor has been a member of one of these parties. Archived from the original on 29 April
He is one of the highest paid sportsmen in history. In Crafts, Nicholas; Toniolo, Gianni. Retrieved 1 April
More on Germany
German literature can be traced back to the Middle Ages and the works of writers such as Walther von der Vogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach. Germany has been the home of many famous inventors and engineers , including Hans Geiger , the creator of the Geiger counter ; and Konrad Zuse , who built the first fully automatic digital computer. Major art exhibitions and festivals in Germany are the documenta , the Berlin Biennale , transmediale and Art Cologne. After a tumultuous period of bloody street fighting in the major industrial centres, the occupation of the Ruhr by Belgian and French troops and the rise of inflation culminating in the hyperinflation of —23 , a debt restructuring plan and the creation of a new currency in ushered in the Golden Twenties , an era of increasing artistic innovation and liberal cultural life. The Michelin Guide awarded eleven restaurants in Germany three stars , the highest designation, while 38 more received two stars and one star.
Heinrich Rudolf Hertz 's work in the domain of electromagnetic radiation was pivotal to the development of modern telecommunication. Cambridge University Press, , p. Retrieved 16 May The German penal system seeks the rehabilitation of the criminal and the protection of the public. German Federal Foreign Office. Landschaftsmuseum Westerwald , Hachenburg, Ausstellung vom
Upon its establishment in , Germany was about two-thirds Protestant [f] and one-third Roman Catholic , with a notable Jewish minority. German is the official and predominant spoken language in Germany. Most of the German universities are public institutions, and students traditionally study without fee payment. Denmark Faroe Islands 1 autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark. Faroe Islands 1 autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark. In what became known as the First Genocide of the Twentieth-Century, between and , the German colonial government in South West Africa present-day Namibia ordered the annihilation of the local Herero and Namaqua peoples , as a punitive measure for an uprising against German colonial rule.
Karlheinz Stockhausen and Hans Zimmer are important composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries. The World Street Journal. Retrieved 11 April
Archived from the original on 1 January Dieterich Buxtehude composed oratorios for organ, which influenced the later work of Johann Sebastian Bach and Georg Friedrich Händel ; these men were influential composers of the Baroque period. Council of the European Union. Germany comprises sixteen federal states which are collectively referred to as Bundesländer. Including indirect and induced impacts, the industry contributes 4. Kunstverlag Fink, , p.
Retrieved 16 June Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 6 May
European-Mediterranean montane mixed forests and Northeast-Atlantic shelf marine. Retrieved 29 August Although East Germany claimed to be a democracy, political power was exercised solely by leading members Politbüro of the communist-controlled Socialist Unity Party of Germany , supported by the Stasi , an immense secret service controlling many aspects of the society. Bundesrepubliek Düütschland Upper Sorbian: German reunification and History of Germany since History of Germany —
- Archived PDF from the original on 19 June Also in Renaissance and Baroque art, regional and typically German elements evolved e. Retrieved 5 October The third-highest official and the head of government is the Chancellor, who is appointed by the Bundespräsident after being elected by the Bundestag.
- The Europa-Park near Freiburg is Europe's second most popular theme park resort. Archived from the original on 1 January Germans produce their ubiquitous sausages in almost 1, varieties, including Bratwursts , Weisswursts , and Currywursts. Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics IPP in Greifswald in May started the preparations for operation of this the world's largest fusion device of the stellarator type.
Membership figures] in German. Archived from the original on 1 January In the Gründerzeit period following the unification of Germany , Bismarck's foreign policy as Chancellor of Germany under Emperor William I secured Germany's position as a great nation by forging alliances, isolating France by diplomatic means, and avoiding war.
In August , Hitler's government negotiated and signed the Molotov—Ribbentrop pact that divided Eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. Although East Germany claimed to be a democracy, political power was exercised solely by leading members Politbüro of the communist-controlled Socialist Unity Party of Germany , supported by the Stasi , an immense secret service controlling many aspects of the society. Robert Schumann and Johannes Brahms composed in the Romantic idiom. Retrieved 18 July Landtag state assembly of North Rhine-Westphalia. Archived from the original on 17 April
Map of Top Day Trips from Frankfurt
Archived from the original PDF on 9 January In the 12th century, under the Hohenstaufen emperors — , German princes increased their influence further south and east into territories inhabited by Slavs ; they encouraged German settlement in these areas, called the eastern settlement movement Ostsiedlung. This audio file was created from a revision of the article Germany dated , and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article.
The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust. According to the most recent data from , the Catholic Church and the Evangelical Church claimed respectively Retrieved 11 December