In the 18th century, the Holy Roman Empire consisted of approximately 1, territories. Reference and Price Guide. Council of the European Union. Archived PDF from the original on 10 October
Significant natural resources include iron ore, coal, potash , timber, lignite , uranium , copper, natural gas, salt, nickel, arable land and water. In what later became known as The Holocaust , the German government persecuted minorities and used a network of concentration and death camps across Europe to conduct a genocide of what they considered to be inferior peoples. Multinational Enterprises Testing of Chemicals. Many Jewish women were arrested and placed in jails and a curfew was placed on the Jewish people in Germany.
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The Journal of the Anthropological Society of Bombay. Part1 Archived 24 August at the Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 2 May Retrieved 26 April Germany most popular country in the world. Around , the Germanic peoples broke into Roman-controlled lands.
Archived from the original on 11 May Culture in German states has been shaped by major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, both religious and secular. Archived from the original PDF on 1 January
In the 21st century, Germany is a great power with a strong economy ; it has the world's 4th largest economy by nominal GDP , and the 5th largest by PPP. This page was last edited on 5 April , at It is the seventh largest country by area in Europe and the 62nd largest in the world. Architectural contributions from Germany include the Carolingian and Ottonian styles , which were precursors of Romanesque. Archived from the original on 25 June In the Gründerzeit period following the unification of Germany , Bismarck's foreign policy as Chancellor of Germany under Emperor William I secured Germany's position as a great nation by forging alliances, isolating France by diplomatic means, and avoiding war.
Other notable artists who work with traditional media or figurative imagery include Martin Kippenberger , Gerhard Richter , Sigmar Polke , and Neo Rauch. Accessed 17 June Retrieved 17 July Archived from the original on 15 March According to the most recent data from , the Catholic Church and the Evangelical Church claimed respectively
Archived from the original on 17 September They were informally known as West Germany and East Germany. A History of the Frankfurt Book Fair. Archived from the original on 6 June
The Third Reich in Power. For the country from to , see West Germany. Twenty-seven million Germans are members of a sports club and an additional twelve million pursue sports individually. Retrieved 7 April
Quartal XLS in German. Archived from the original on 13 December Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics IPP in Greifswald in May started the preparations for operation of this the world's largest fusion device of the stellarator type. Angela Merkel Chancellor since
The German penal system seeks the rehabilitation of the criminal and the protection of the public. Archived PDF from the original on 14 July Tuition free academic education is open to international students and is increasingly common. Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung. As a result of the partitions, millions of Polish speaking inhabitants fell under the rule of the two German monarchies.
East Francia and Holy Roman Empire. The Savage Wars of Peace: Similarly, Britain, France and Russia also concluded alliances that would protect them against Habsburg interference with Russian interests in the Balkans or German interference against France. To a lesser extent, it is also related to the North Germanic languages. East Germany selected East Berlin as its capital, while West Germany chose Bonn as a provisional capital, to emphasize its stance that the two-state solution was an artificial and temporary status quo. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania , which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine.
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Archived from the original on 18 May Germany's most-visited landmarks include e. Archived from the original PDF on 1 January Economic Growth in Europe Since